adıyaman escort afyon escort ağrı escort amasya escort denizli escort siirt escort şanlıurfa escort van escort bitlis escort şırnak escort hakkari escort düzce escort bolu escort yalova escort osmaniye escort kilis escort elazığ escort batman escort bayburt escort ığdır escort zonguldak escort sinop escort çankırı escort sikiş hikayeleri türkçe sex uzun sex hikayeleri


Warning: session_start(): Cannot send session cookie - headers already sent by (output started at /home/content/91/6694591/html/index.php:30) in /home/content/91/6694591/html/wp-content/plugins/php-code-for-posts/php-code-for-posts.php on line 27

Warning: session_start(): Cannot send session cache limiter - headers already sent (output started at /home/content/91/6694591/html/index.php:30) in /home/content/91/6694591/html/wp-content/plugins/php-code-for-posts/php-code-for-posts.php on line 27
Gender, social disadvantage, and happiness: Women's emotion labor in Indian families | r.i.c.e.
research institute for compassionate economics

Gender, social disadvantage, and happiness: Women’s emotion labor in Indian families

This study documents and contextualizes a new puzzle about reported happiness among married women using data from India, a large developing country with severe gender discrimination. Gender inequality has been widely documented in India. For example, prior studies show that women have less education and less decision-making power than men. Upon marriage, young women typically move to their husband’s homes and assume low status roles in which they are expected to cook for, clean up after, and care for their husbands and in-laws. Qualitative research suggests that women who move into joint households with in-laws experience more stress than those who are married to the household head. We use World Health Organization’s 2007-08 Survey of Global AGEing and Adult Health (SAGE) data to document gaps in self-reported happiness between men and women in India. We further use ordered logit regression to explore whether women’s relationship to household head matters for their self-reported happiness. While the quantitative and ethnographic literature has found that women are objectively disadvantaged relative to men, we find that women are more likely to report being happy than men are. Regression results show that women who are daughters-in-law of the head of household are more likely to report happiness than those who are the wife of the household head. We posit that women’s happiness advantage may be explained by their roles as service workers in their families. Young married women in India, especially those who live with parents-in-laws, may feel more compelled to perform happiness for and in their families, despite objective disadvantage.

Download Published: Working Paper       Geography: India

porno izle porno izle sikiş izle sex izle rus pornosu porno filimi Porno hikayeleri ücretsiz oyun hesapları 2021 oyun hileleri bedeva oyun hesapları bedava bilgi diyarbakır reklam diyarbakır matbaa
vip porn latina porn