Wealth and Health of Children in India: A State-Level Analysis
— Research — 1 min read
Authors: Diane Coffey, Aparajita Chattopadhyay, Rajan Gupt
Published in: Economic and Political Weekly
What are the relationships between wealth and children’s health in India’s states that are as populous as many other countries? Presenting a state-level analysis of the association between state net domestic product per capita and three children’s health indicators, this paper describes how these relationships differ in the last two rounds of the National Family Health Survey.
It finds evidence that the cross-sectional relationships between aggregate wealth and children’s health indicators are positive, yet the association was less steep in the mid-2000s than in the late 1990s. It also finds a negative relationship between growth in SNDP per capita and improvement in state-level children’s health indicators. These findings are consistent with the hypothesis that the kinds of investments which improve health may lead to economic growth, rather than vice versa.