Skip to content


Social distance, village conflict, and open defecation

Presentation1 min read

Payal's poster for the UNC Water and Health Conference 2014 shows that open defecation is more common in villages where social conflict is more likely.


r.i.c.e. is a non-profit research organization focused on health and well-being in India. Our core focus is on children in rural north India. Our research studies health care at the start of life, sanitation, air pollution, maternal health, social inequality, and other dimensions of population-level social wellbeing.

501(c)(3) Status

Privacy Policy

Research Themes

Content by Category

© 2024 r.i.c.e.