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Tools for designing a credible survey of open defecation

Policy Outreach, Sanitation1 min read

This note summarizes r.i.c.e.’s recommendations for how to design and implement a household survey measuring open defecation. We have already shared these recommendations on prior occasions, including in meetings with government officials and multilateral agencies, in articles in the media, and in academic forums. We summarize our recommendations here for the meeting of the Expert Working Group for the National Annual Rural Sanitation Survey (NARSS).


r.i.c.e. is a nonprofit research organization, dedicated to understanding the lives of poor people, especially young children, in India, and to promoting their well-being.

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