Skip to content


What Caste Has To Do With The Endurance Of Open Defecation In Rural India | Diane Coffey and Dean Spears | HUFFPOST

Media1 min read

India's exceptionally high rates of open defecation cannot be explained by poverty, nor illiteracy, nor by lack of water, nor by poor governance.  In this article, Coffey and Spears point out that the explanation requires an understanding of rural India's history of casteism and untouchability, two unfortunate consequences of the caste system and the ideas that support it.  Read more...


r.i.c.e. is a nonprofit research organization, dedicated to understanding the lives of poor people, especially young children, in India, and to promoting their well-being.

Research Themes

Content by Category

© 2021 r.i.c.e.