Skip to content


‘Refusal’ To Change: In Northern India, Toilet Ownership Increases, But Open Defecation Still Rampant, Says Study | Swarajya Staff | Swarajya

Media1 min read

This article highlights some of the key findings from the study, "Changes in Open Defecation in Rural North India:   2014 to 2018", conducted by rice and Accountability Initiative.  Read More...


r.i.c.e. is a nonprofit research organization, dedicated to understanding the lives of poor people, especially young children, in India, and to promoting their well-being.

Research Themes

Content by Category

© 2021 r.i.c.e.