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Open Defecation Has Fallen After Swachh Bharat Campaign But Not As Much As Government Claims |Aarefa Johari | Scroll.in

How effective has the Swachh Bharat Mission been? A new sanitation survey conducted by rice and Accountability Initiative in Bihar, MP, Rajasthan and UP has news that is both good and bad.  The study, released on January 9, 2019, presents a comprehensive analysis of the successes and failures of the efforts which aim to make India open defecation-free by October 2, 2019.    The survey highlights two other significant revelations. One is that the implementation of Swachh Bharat has been accompanied by a disturbing amount of threats, coercion and violence, which puts the ethics of the programme’s rollout in question. Second, caste-based notions of purity and impurity play a role in determining open defecation choices and the kind of latrines that households choose to build in rural north India.  Read More…