Skip to content


Open Defecation Continues Despite New Toilets | Staff | Down to Earth

Media1 min read

Removing open defecation was one of the most touted goals of Swachh Bharat Mission. Lakhs of toilets have been built in India since 2014.  57% of households without a latrine in 2014 had one by 2018, according to a study by rice and Accountability Initiative conducted in Bihar, MP, Rajasthan and UP, but 23% of those with a toilet still went out in the open.  Also, more than half the respondents said they have heard of people being coerced to stop open defecation.  Watch the Youtube video...


r.i.c.e. is a nonprofit research organization, dedicated to understanding the lives of poor people, especially young children, in India, and to promoting their well-being.

Research Themes

Content by Category

© 2021 r.i.c.e.