Skip to content


After 4 Years Of Swachh Bharat, Open Defecation Down 26 Percentage Points, But Toilet Use Does Not Match Construction Spree | Swagata Yadavar | Indiaspend

Media1 min read

More Indians living in villages in Rajasthan, Bihar, MP and UP owned a latrine in 2018 than four years ago, yet 44% of them still defecate in the open, according to a study published by rice and Accountability Initiative.  The study concluded that beliefs about caste "impurity"  associated with emptying latrine pits were responsible for the high percentage of people who defecate in the open.   Comments about the study by the Ministry of Drinking Water and Sanitation are included.   Read more...


r.i.c.e. is a non-profit research organization focused on health and well-being in India. Our core focus is on children in rural north India. Our research studies health care at the start of life, sanitation, air pollution, maternal health, social inequality, and other dimensions of population-level social wellbeing.

501(c)(3) Status

Privacy Policy

Research Themes

Content by Category

© 2024 r.i.c.e.