N-ISSUP, the online magazine of the International Union for the Scientific Study of Population, published a short article based on Diane’s paper “The association between neonatal death and facility birth in regions of India” published in the Demographic Research.
The article summarizes the main finding of the paper that there is important heterogeneity in the association between neonatal death (NNM) and hospital birth across regions in India. The country contributes more NNM to the global NNM than any other country in the world, yet the NNM of 30 per 1000 births masks wide spatial variations. For example, among states with more than 25 million people, Uttar Pradesh had the highest NNM at 45 per 1000, and Kerala had the lowest at 4 per 1000.
Sustainable Development Goal 3 aims to reduce global neonatal mortality (NNM) to 12 deaths per 1,000 births by 2030. Reducing NNM in India is critical to this goal because it accounts for 27% of global neonatal deaths. Diane suggests that it would be worthwhile for future research to compare how delivery and postpartum care practices differ across different regions in India.