research institute for compassionate economics

Visualizations

Resolving the Muslim mortality paradox

By Dean Spears on December 3rd, 2014

Dean's poster for the UNC Water and Health Conference 2014 shows how exposure to open defecation can explain why infant mortality among Muslims in India is lower than Hindus....Read More..

Population density and the effect of sanitation on early-life health

By Payal Hathi on December 3rd, 2014
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This is Payal's presentation at the UNC Water and Health Conference 2014. She shows that sanitation is worse for child health in areas that have greater population density....Read More..

No demand for simple latrines in India

By r.i.c.e. on November 27th, 2014

These are all countries that are poorer than India, except for China at the very end. India has both the highest rate of open defecation and the least unimproved latrines compared to any of these other countries. In India, we...Read More..

Healthiness of latrine use vs. OD

By r.i.c.e. on November 27th, 2014

When asked whether latrine use or open defecation is healthier, most SQUAT respondents, both in houses with a latrine user and in houses with no latrine users, believe that open defecation is healthier. There is a common perception that open...Read More..

Stunting and the density of OD, worldwide

By r.i.c.e. on November 27th, 2014

Creating a measure of ‘open defecators per square kilometer’ at the country level, this graph plots 140 country years, with each circle representing one round of a country’s Demographic and Health Survey for a single year, and the size of...Read More..

Latrine use among the poor: India vs. Bangladesh

By r.i.c.e. on November 27th, 2014

The blue pies show the percentage of poor people in each country, defined by whether they have electricity and the type of floor they have in their home. Bangladesh has a much higher fraction of poor people than India. The...Read More..

Aversion to government latrines, by religion

By r.i.c.e. on November 27th, 2014

Among Hindu latrine owners, those who own government latrines are much more likely to defecate in the open than those who have built their own latrines. On the other hand, there is not such a stark difference among Muslim latrine...Read More..

Open defecation among toilet owners, by type of latrine

By r.i.c.e. on November 13th, 2014

For both male and female toilet owners, people who live in households with a latrine that was built with government support are more than twice as likely to defecate in the open than are people who live in households with...Read More..

Open defecation among toilet owners, by gender

By r.i.c.e. on November 13th, 2014

This graph only includes people in houses that own a working latrine. Except for among young children, men are more likely to defecate in the open than women at every age. During late childhood and teenage years, open defecation decreases...Read More..

Latrine use among all SQUAT households

By r.i.c.e. on November 13th, 2014

This pie chart shows the fraction of households in our study in which no one defecates in the open, everyone defecates in the open and some people defecate in the open. Data sources, like the Census, which only ask whether...Read More..

Confronting the challenge part 1: Latrine use in rural India

By Dean Spears on October 14th, 2014

This is Dean's presentation at the UNC Water and Health Conference 2014. He shows that India's sanitation challenge cannot be explained by income, poverty, access to water, education, or governance....Read More..

This is Diane's presentation at the UNC Water and Health Conference 2014. She presents findings from the Switching Study, a qualitative study, showing the importance of culture and notions of purity and pollution for sanitation behaviour....Read More..

This is Sangita's presentation at the UNC Water and Health Conference 2014. She uses quantitative survey data to show how cultural notions of purity and pollution may explain India's sanitation challenge....Read More..

Confronting the challenge part 2: It’s not about access

By Payal Hathi on August 14th, 2014

This is Payal's presentation at the UNC Water and Health Conference 2014. She shows that India's sanitation challenge cannot be explained by poor access to latrines....Read More..

This is Diane's presentation at the Sanitation and Stunting Conference at the Delhi School of Economics. The presentation explores open defecation as a cause of hemoglobin deficiency in children....Read More..

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