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Research >> Sanitation

Open defecation in rural India presents a puzzle: India has far higher open defecation rates than other developing regions where people are poorer, literacy rates are lower, and water is more scarce.  Because open defecation has terrible consequences for health,...Read More..

Published: Economic and Political Weekly       Geography: India

Open defecation, which is still practiced by about a billion people worldwide, is one of the most examples of how place influences health in developing countries. Because of the negative healthy externalities of open defecation, eliminating it is a priority...Read More..

Published: Working Paper       Geography: India

Anemia impairs physical and cognitive development in children and reduces human capital accumulation. The prior economics literature has focused on the role of inadequate nutrition in causing anemia. This paper is the first to show that sanitation, a public good,...Read More..

Published: Economic Journal       Geography: International

A long literature in demography has debated the importance of place for health, especially children’s health. In this study, we assess whether the importance of dense settlement for infant mortality and child height is moderated by exposure to local sanitation...Read More..

Published: Demography       Geography: International

Uniquely widespread and persistent open defecation in rural India has emerged as an important policy challenge and puzzle about behavioral choice in economic development. One candidate explanation is the culture of purity and pollution that reinforces and has its origins...Read More..

Published: Working Paper       Geography: India

Child height is an important indicator of human capital and human development, in large part because early life health and net nutrition shape both child height and adult economic productivity and health. Between 2005 and 2010, the average height of...Read More..

Published: Economics and Human Biology       Geography: Cambodia

Aashish, Diane & Dean wrote a chapter for the book "Sustainable Sanitation for all: Experiences, challenges and innovations", published by Practical Action and edited by Petra Bongartz, Naomi Vernon and John Fox. The abstract of the chapter is pasted below, and...Read More..

Published: Book Chapter: Sustainable Sanitation for All       Geography: India

A paper by Payal, Dean, and Diane, published in Waterlines. Abstract:  The world’s remaining open defecation is increasingly concentrated in rural India. The Indian government’s efforts to reduce open defecation by providing subsidies for latrine construction have been largely unsuccessful...Read More..

Published: Waterlines       Geography: India
RICE

Over a billion people worldwide defecate in the open, with important consequences for early-life health and human capital accumulation in developing countries. We report a cluster randomized controlled trial of a village sanitation intervention conducted in rural Maharashtra, India designed...Read More..

Published: Journal of Health Economics       Geography: Maharashtra
RICE

India's experience presents a puzzle at odds with a basic fact of household economics: amidst unprecedented economic growth, average per capita daily calorie consumption has declined in recent decades. Does an improving disease environment explain the calorie decline? A diminished...Read More..

Published: Economic Journal       Geography: India
RICE

The first part of this chapter reviews evidence from the literature of a large effect of open defecation on child height that can account for important international differences. The second part of the chapter presents new empirical results using the...Read More..

Published: Book Chapter       Geography: India

A growing literature indicates that effects of early-life health on adult economic outcomes could be substantial in developing countries, but the magnitude of this effect is debated. We document a robust gradient between the early-life mortality environment to which men...Read More..

Published: Economics and Human Biology       Geography: India

Ending open defecation in the developing world has gained significant policy attention recently, motivated by the idea that private demand for latrines lies below the social optimum. We investigate the mortality externalities of poor sanitation by exploiting differences in latrine...Read More..

Published: Working Paper       Geography: India
RICE

Water, sanitation, and hygiene can have a profound effect on health and nutrition. A growing base of evidence on the link between sanitation, child height, and well-being has come at an opportune time, when the issue of sanitation and nutrition...Read More..

Published: Book Chapter       Geography: International

Early-life health shapes cognitive skills and human capital. In India, widespread open defecation without using a toilet is an important source of childhood disease. We study the effects on childhood cognitive achievement of early-life exposure to India’s Total Sanitation Campaign...Read More..

Published: Journal of Human Resources       Geography: India

Despite economic growth, government latrine construction, and increasing recognition among policy-makers that it constitutes a health and human capital crisis, open defecation remains stubbornly widespread in rural India. Indeed, 67% of rural Indian households in the 2011 census reported defecating...Read More..

Published: Economic and Political Weekly       Geography: North India

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