research institute for compassionate economics

r.i.c.e. in the news

Aidan Cronin of UNICEF writes about the importance of social norms in making open defecation an acceptable practice in many parts of India. In order to create a new social norm in which everyone uses a toilet, he calls for

In this 2014 article Pritha Chaterjee describes the common practice of repurposing latrines, and the attitudes that drive open defecation in rural Uttar Pradesh.

In this 2012 opinion piece. Soutik Biswas makes the claim that until India addresses cultural attitudes towards open defecation, the country will not be able to reach its goal of becoming open defecation free.

In this 2011 article, Shantanu Gupta writes about his observations of India’s sanitation policy on the ground in rural India, positing that its flaws may in part be due to a misunderstanding of social dynamics. He concludes that what is

In this blog post, Victoria Fan and Rifaiyat Mahbub of the Center for Global Development discuss reasons for differences in health outcomes between Bangladesh and West Bengal. They compare an older paper by Shroff et al with a recent paper

Kundan Pandey explains research by Dean Spears, Arabinda Ghosh, and Oliver Cumming showing that a 10 percent increase in open defecation was associated with a 0.7 percent increase in both stunting and severe stunting.

A LiveMint opinion writer argues that one of the main reasons that India has been unable to combat undernutrition is because of the double threat of high population density and lack of sanitation.

In this piece, Dean Spears, of r.i.c.e., makes the case that Indian children are not stunted compared to African children due to differences in genetic potential, but because widespread open defecation exposes them to the intestinal diseases that prevent them

In this news piece, reporter Rukmini S. describes a recent study by Dean Spears, Arabinda Ghosh, and Oliver Cumming which finds that open defecation is a strong predictor of child stunting, shining light on sanitation’s role in undernutrition.

In this article, Dean Spears of r.i.c.e. argues that exposure to open defecation can largely explain why Indian children are so much shorter than African children, despite being richer, on average. The threat of open defecation is particularly pernicious in

In this piece, Dean Spears, of r.i.c.e., shows that ending open defecation makes economic sense.

In this opinion piece, Nikhil Srivastav of r.i.c.e. uses SQUAT data as well as additional qualitative data to explore why many people in rural north India choose to not use a latrine. He urges youth in India to get involved

In this article, the r.i.c.e. team discusses the SQUAT survey’s findings about latrine use and gender. It argues that rather than focusing on the idea of building the latrines for women, the media and the government should promote the idea

In this opinion piece, Sangita Vyas uses SQUAT data to argue that most people can already afford life-saving latrines in rural India — and the government policy should focus on changing the attitudes and beliefs that prevent them from building

In this opinion piece, Diane Coffey and Dean Spears, of r.i.c.e., use data from the SQUAT survey to argue that the new government should focus on motivating people to want to use latrines, rather than merely constructing them.