research institute for compassionate economics

r.i.c.e. in the news

In this article, Hindu reporter Rukmini S. uses SQUAT data to describe how despite having access to toilets, many people, both men and women, choose to defecate in the open. She explains how some groups are now arguing for a

Dean Spears and Diane Coffey of r.i.c.e. advocate for a massive campaign to promote the message of latrine use, at the scale of Pulse Polio, in order to eliminate open defecation in India. See the full text of the article

Ajai Sreevatsan of The Hindu in his meticulous analysis of the profligate sanitation programs in India, uses SQUAT survey and argues that constructing toilets alone is not enough. He also talks about how huge funds for construction were not successful

In this opinion piece, Sangita Vyas uses SQUAT data to argue that most people can already afford life-saving latrines in rural India — and the government policy should focus on changing the attitudes and beliefs that prevent them from building

Aashish Gupta and Sangita Vyas of r.i.c.e. urge for a broader coalition of stakeholders to come together and increase their commitment to finding a solution to ending open defecation in India, similar to the concerted effort in Bangladesh to promote

Aidan Cronin of UNICEF writes about the importance of social norms in making open defecation an acceptable practice in many parts of India. In order to create a new social norm in which everyone uses a toilet, he calls for

In this 2014 article Pritha Chaterjee describes the common practice of repurposing latrines, and the attitudes that drive open defecation in rural Uttar Pradesh.

In this 2012 opinion piece. Soutik Biswas makes the claim that until India addresses cultural attitudes towards open defecation, the country will not be able to reach its goal of becoming open defecation free.

In this 2011 article, Shantanu Gupta writes about his observations of India’s sanitation policy on the ground in rural India, positing that its flaws may in part be due to a misunderstanding of social dynamics. He concludes that what is

In this blog post, Victoria Fan and Rifaiyat Mahbub of the Center for Global Development discuss reasons for differences in health outcomes between Bangladesh and West Bengal. They compare an older paper by Shroff et al with a recent paper

Kundan Pandey explains research by Dean Spears, Arabinda Ghosh, and Oliver Cumming showing that a 10 percent increase in open defecation was associated with a 0.7 percent increase in both stunting and severe stunting.

A LiveMint opinion writer argues that one of the main reasons that India has been unable to combat undernutrition is because of the double threat of high population density and lack of sanitation.

In this piece, Dean Spears, of r.i.c.e., makes the case that Indian children are not stunted compared to African children due to differences in genetic potential, but because widespread open defecation exposes them to the intestinal diseases that prevent them

In this news piece, reporter Rukmini S. describes a recent study by Dean Spears, Arabinda Ghosh, and Oliver Cumming which finds that open defecation is a strong predictor of child stunting, shining light on sanitation’s role in undernutrition.

In this article, Dean Spears of r.i.c.e. argues that exposure to open defecation can largely explain why Indian children are so much shorter than African children, despite being richer, on average. The threat of open defecation is particularly pernicious in

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